The Law of Return.
Hebrew: חֹוק הַשְׁבוּת
Image credit: Unsplash - Jerusalem from the Mt. of Olives
The Law of Return (Hok HaShvut) was passed on 20th Tammuz, 5710 corresponding to the 5th July, 1950.
In a nutshell, the law gives Jews the right to return to, and the right to live in Israel and gain Israeli citizenship (to make Aliyah). Since 1950 there have been a few small amendments but in 1970, the right of entry and settlement was also extended to people with one Jewish grandparent or people married to a Jew, although they were not considered Jewish under Jewish law (Halacha)
Since 1970 the law applies to those born as Jews (having a Jewish mother or maternal grandmother), those with Jewish ancestry (having a Jewish father or grandfather) and converts to Judaism (Orthodox, Reform, or Conservative denominations—not secular—though Reform and Conservative conversions must take place outside the state, similar to civil marriages).
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