Commemorating Kristallnacht - 80 years on.
Between 9 and 10 November 1938, over 1,400 synagogues and prayer rooms, thousands of Jewish-owned homes, hospitals, shops and cemeteries were damaged or destroyed across Nazi Germany and Austria - this night became know as Kristallnacht. This year, the 80th anniversary, Jews around the world will be commemorating Kristallnacht.
On the 80th anniversary of Kristallnacht, Jews around the world are being encouraged to leave a light burning all night long in their homes and Synagogues. Because of Shabbat, the Jewish community around the world will be commemorating Kristallnacht by leaving a light on throughout Friday night, November 8th,, 2019. In order not to desecrate the Sabbath, this light must be switched on before Shabbat begins (Shabbat times here) and left on until Shabbat ends on Saturday night - a total of 25 hours.
- Holocaust Memorial Day (Hebrew: Yom Hashoah) - where the memories of 6 million Jews that were killed under Nazi Germany rule between 1933 and 1945,between 1933 and 1945,
- More about 'Unto every person there is a name' ceremony held annually in the Chagall Hall at the Knesset
Kristallnacht is also known as 'Night of the Broken Glass' as well as the 'November Pogroms'
267 synagogues throughout Germany, Austria and the Sudetenland were destroyed
Over 7,000 Jewish businesses were damaged or destroyed
30,000 Jewish men were arrested and incarcerated in concentration camps
638 Jews were estimated to have committed suicide that night